How to use spaced repetitions to remember what you've learned

while learning, is a simple concept on the surface, there are so many that the average person is unaware of the topic. For example, did you know that everything we learned in school is taught ineffectively? While this is a rather unusual disclosure, this question starts to make sense when you apply a specific training methodology. It's not something that is taught in schools, but if it was, we'd be brighter people. Not to mention people are better able to retain information. This method is called the spaced repetition method. Similar to memory palaces, this method is something that has been lost to the ages, but a very powerful technique. This is one of the many keys to remembering information, but also to help with learning as we get older. Today, I'll take a closer look at this technique, showing you how it works and how you, too, can benefit from this technique.

What is a Repetition Interval?

Before learning about spaced repetitions, this is the key to understand how our brain works. In order to retain any information in our brain, we must update it periodically. For example, let's say you hear that "Ottawa is the capital of Canada." If you don't use this information at all, you probably forgot about it after you finished reading this article or later. However, if you continue to "learn" that Ottawa is the capital of Canada through text or have it explained to you, you'd better save that information. The point is: The more often you come across some bits of information, the less often you will have to refresh your memory of it. What makes our brain so interesting that even long-standing pieces of information can be forgotten. Even the most familiar bits of information can be forgotten if we don't put enough into it. For example, people moving to another country may forget or have difficulty speaking their native language if they are not sufficiently exposed to that new country. With this understanding, spaced repetition is entirely based on these principles. It's the idea of ​​reviewing the information at gradually increasing intervals. It is also worth noting that spaced repetitions are also called other things. Examples are spaced rehearsals, extending rehearsals, finished intervals, repeat intervals, spaced/extended searches, or repeat scheduling.

Really Spaced Repetition Work?

Of course, this method is effective and well worth your time. Argue, let's go back to what I mentioned about the school. It is a fact that schooling is inefficient compared to this technique. Besides, most of us probably don't remember anything we learned in school at this point, even younger generations will have a tougher time retaining that knowledge. There are two key factors in not only learning but retaining information:

  1. How much information do we store
  2. The amount of effort spent to keep that level of information

Going back to school, we have to keep a lot of information revolving around the different topics we were taught. So the amount of information is significant. But it starts to fall, short, considering the second factor. After all, we only save this information for testing and exams we take at the end. Because of this, it's fair to say that school teaches how to study to pass the test. We are not learning for the sake of learning and growing ourselves. Compared to spaced repetitions, we see this technique shining and working wonders for us. While information can be small or huge, the consequences can be transformative. The gabriel wyner book free forever: how to learn any language and never forget it, spaced repetition is the method:

Repeat interval…[it's] extremely efficient. In four months, by practicing 30 minutes a day, you can expect to learn and retain 3600 flashcards with 90 to 95 percent accuracy. These flashcards can teach you the alphabet, vocabulary, grammar and even pronunciation. And they can do it without getting tedious because they are always challenging enough to stay interesting and fun.

В mindhacker, a book written by Ron and Marty Hale-Evans is expanding at the moment:

Our memory is both magnificent and pathetic. He is capable of incredible feats, but it never works out the way you want it to. Ideally, we could remember everything at once, but we are not computers. We hack our memory with tools like memory palaces, but such methods require effort and dedication. Most of us give up and outsource our memories to smartphones, cloud enabled computers, or regular pen and paper. There is a trade-off…a learning technique called spaced repetition that efficiently organizes information or memorization and retention can be used to achieve near-perfect recall.

How Often Should You Use Repeat Interval?

At this point, we know fully that frequency matters a lot. But it's worth looking at the degree and how often we get information. For example, you might think that cramming might be a good idea, but it's not an effective method. According to German psychologist Hermann Ebbinghaus, cramming facts disappears.((Farnam Street: The Interval Effect: How to Improve Learning and Retention)) Instead, Ebbinghaus encourages us to focus on some other factors before delving into frequency. These factors intensity of our emotionsand intensity of our attention. He's writing:

There is a very high dependence on the preservation and reproduction of intensity of attention and interest that were attached to mental states the first time they were present. A burned child escapes the fire, and a dog that has been beaten flees from the whip, after one vivid impression. The people we are interested in, we can see daily and not be able to remember the color of our hair or eyes ...information comes almost exclusively from observations of extreme and even more striking cases.

Why would he focus on this and not at a certain time? Well, because Ebbinghaus discovered more than that fact. After all, he was the pioneer of this work. How he discovered it all was through self-experimentation. Not only did his experiments reveal the factors I mentioned above, but also the so-called “forgetting curve”. From Ebbinghaus' research, he came to the conclusion that a certain amount of information is stored in our subconscious. He referred to these memories as "savings". These memories, however we cannot consciously remember when unmasked, these memories speed up the process of relearning. Think songs that you haven't heard in ten or more years. You probably can't remember the words right now, but if you hear the melody, the verses flow like water. So, back to our question, how often should we use this technique? According to Ebbinghaus, it's more about the quality of the feedback, not the frequency.

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Best Labeled Repetition Chart

This being said, despite the fact that Ebbinghaus stated that his work was expanded on. Of course, his theories still stand, however, his work has inspired various interval chart repetitions. Unlike Ebbinghaus, this gives a certain amount of time for when we have to repeat these processes, the reaction created the Ebbinghaus forgetting curve. Of the many schedules, the most popular and go to the schedule SuperMemo cm-2 (cm-2, for brevity) and Mnemosines. SM-2 is the original, and by default spaced out the schedule by repetition there, and for good reason. It was published by A. P. Wozniak in 1990 as a thesis. It was an algorithm that was born through trial and error that took several years to get it to where it is today. According to the publisher, the author memorized 10,255 items and then, based on an algorithm, repeated those items every day. The author spent 41 minutes each day memorizing and repeating these points. After the end of the experiment, the overall retention was 92%. Since then, many other circuits have come up, but no one has been able to hit those expectations, making the cm-2 fit. The Mnemosyne is another popular option as it is incredibly similar to the SM-2. Out of all of them, this is the closest schedule to achieving the same results.

How to Use Spaced Repetition for Effective Learning

Having a chart is one thing, but then it's a matter of using it and keeping the information. Also, if the chart is too complicated for you, this 4-step method is easy to get into and should give similar results.

1. Review Your Notes

1Within 20-24 hours after the initial receipt of the information, make sure that this information is recorded in the sheet music and that you have read it. During a review session, you'll want to read them and then turn away and try to remember the most important points. Remember, there is a difference between rereading and remembering, so be sure you turn away and draw from your memories.

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2. Recall information for the first time

After the day of your first comment, try to remember the information without using any of your notes anymore. Try to remember when you take a walk or sit down and relax. You can also increase your efficiency by creating flashcards of the main ideas and testing your knowledge of the concepts.

3. Let's remember the materials again

Thereafter, recall material every 24-36 hours for several days. They don't have to be lengthy reminders. Try to remember sessions when you are standing in an elevator or in a queue. You are still free to look at your notes or flashcards, but try referencing while working with those notes. The idea with this step is to ask yourself questions and quiz yourself to retain and remember this information.

4. Study It All Again

After a few days have passed, take your material and study it over and over again. If this information is for testing purposes, ensure that this is done within a week prior to testing. This allows your brain to process concepts.

Bottom Line

Even without a schedule, the repetition interval feels natural and is a better way to learn than traditional methods. It expands on memory retention strategies like memory palaces too. Not only that, but this method can be applied to every thing in life. Thanks to the use of flash drives and other methods, you can learn new languages, prepare well for the test, and much more.

Read more about Effective Learning

  • How to quickly learn and master any skill you want
  • How to create an effective learning process and learn smart
  • How to learn quickly and remember more: 5 effective methods
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