Viruses and malware (malware) are programs that can harm your computer. They can delete your files, steal your data, or even block your computer. Viruses and malware can be distributed in a variety of ways, including:
- Opening infected files
- Visiting infected websites
- Downloading infected files from the Internet
- Using an infected USB drive
Installing antivirus software and its role
Antivirus software is software that helps protect your computer from viruses and malware. Antivirus software works by scanning your computer for known viruses and malware. If the antivirus software finds a virus or malware, it will remove it or block it.
Regular operating system and software updates
Operating systems and programs are constantly updated. These updates often include security fixes that can protect your computer from viruses and malware. It is important to keep your operating system and programs up to date to protect your computer.
Teaching the user the basics of safe behavior on the Internet (phishing, downloading files, etc.)
Users can also help protect their computers from viruses and malware by following the basics of safe online behavior. Here are some tips:
- Do not open emails from unknown senders.
- Do not click on links in emails from unknown senders.
- Do not download files from the Internet unless you are sure of their origin.
- Use a strong password and change it regularly.
- Turn on the firewall and other built-in security features.
- Back up your data regularly.
Turn on the firewall and other built-in security features
A firewall is a program that helps protect your computer from unauthorized access. A firewall works by blocking inbound and outbound connections that don't match certain rules.
Many operating systems have built-in security features that can help protect your computer from viruses and malware. It is important to enable these security features and use them in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations.
Data backup to prevent information loss during an attack
Data backup is the process of creating a copy of your data. If your computer becomes infected with a virus or malware, you can restore your data from a backup.
It is important to back up your data regularly and store it in a safe place. You can back up your data to an external hard drive, the cloud, or another computer.
By following these tips, you can help protect your computer from viruses and malware.