Mankind has always been interested in the universe. We look at the stars in the night sky and ask ourselves questions about how they appeared, how they are arranged and what awaits us in the future. Scientists have been studying the universe for many years, but we still don't know everything about it.
Structure of the Universe
The universe is made up of many galaxies. A galaxy is a giant collection of stars, gas, and dust. Our galaxy is called the Milky Way. It consists of a cluster of stars that revolve around a common center. At the center of our galaxy is a supermassive black hole.
Stars are huge balls of hot gas. They are formed from clouds of gas and dust. At the center of a star is the core, where nuclear fusion takes place. Nuclear fusion is the process by which lighter atoms are formed into heavier atoms, releasing enormous amounts of energy. The energy released in the core of a star keeps it glowing.
Planets are celestial bodies that revolve around stars. Our planet, Earth, is one of the eight planets in the solar system. Earth is the only planet in the solar system that has life.
Black holes are objects with very high gravity. The gravity of a black hole is so strong that even light cannot escape from it. Black holes form when massive stars die.
Gravitational waves are disturbances in space-time that occur when massive objects move. Gravitational waves were first discovered in 2015.
The Big Bang and the expansion of the universe
According to the big bang theory, the universe was born about 13,8 billion years ago. As a result of the big explosion, a hot and dense plasma was formed. The plasma gradually expanded and cooled, resulting in the formation of stars, galaxies and other objects in the universe.
The universe is currently expanding. The expansion of the universe is accelerating. The cause of the acceleration of the expansion of the universe is not known, but scientists believe that it is caused by dark energy. Dark energy is a mysterious substance that makes up about 70% of all energy in the universe.
Laws of physics
The universe obeys the laws of physics. The laws of physics are the fundamental laws of nature that govern the behavior of matter and energy. There are four fundamental forces: gravity, electromagnetism, strong force and weak force.
Gravitational interaction is the interaction between all bodies that have mass. The electromagnetic interaction is the interaction between charged particles. The strong force is the interaction between quarks that make up protons and neutrons. The weak interaction is the interaction between neutrinos and other elementary particles.
The laws of physics are the same throughout the universe. This means that if we could go anywhere in the universe, we would see that the same laws of physics apply there.
The universe is a huge and mysterious system. We know a lot about her, but we don't know much more. Scientists continue to study the Universe, and we hope that one day we will be able to unravel all its secrets.